A container ship struck the Key Bridge in Baltimore early Tuesday, causing it to plunge into the river below. From 1960 to 2015, there were 35 major bridge collapses worldwide due to ship or barge collisions, with a total of 342 people killed, according to a 2018 report from the World Association for Waterborne Transport Infrastructure. Eighteen of those collapses happened in the United States.

Bridges have also been struck by passenger planes or collapsed due to structural flaws.

Here are a list of notable disasters involving ships or barges hitting bridges in the United States, as well as some other bridge collapses:

Popp’s Ferry Bridge

March 20, 2009: A vessel pushing eight barges rammed into the Popp’s Ferry Bridge in Biloxi, Mississippi, resulting in a 150-foot section of the bridge collapsing into the bay.

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Interstate 40 Bridge: 14 dead

May 26, 2002: A barge hit the Interstate 40 bridge over the Arkansas River at Webbers Falls, Oklahoma, collapsing a 500-foot section of road and plunging vehicles into the water. Fourteen people died and five were injured.

Queen Isabella Causeway: 8 dead

Sept. 15, 2001: A tugboat and barge struck the Queen Isabella Causeway in Port Isabel, Texas, causing a midsection of the bridge to tumble 80 feet into the bay below. Eight people died after motorists drove into the hole.

Eads Bridge: 50 injured

April 14, 1998: The Anne Holly tow traveling through the St. Louis Harbor rammed into the center span of the Eads Bridge. Eight barges broke away. Three of them hit a permanently moored gambling vessel below the bridge. Fifty people suffered minor injuries.

Big Bayou Canot: 47 dead

Sept. 22, 1993: Barges being pushed by a towboat in dense fog hit and displaced the Big Bayou Canot railroad bridge near Mobile, Alabama. Minutes later, an Amtrak train with 220 people aboard reached the displaced bridge and derailed, killing 47 people and injuring 103 people.

Seeber Bridge: 1 dead

May 28, 1993: The towboat Chris, pushing the empty hopper barge DM3021, hit a support tier of the Judge William Seeber Bridge in New Orleans. Two spans and the two-column bent collapsed onto the barge. Two cars carrying three people fell with the four-lane bridge deck into a canal. One person died and two people were seriously injured.

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Sunshine Skyway Bridge: 35 dead

May 9, 1980: The 609-foot freighter Summit Venture was navigating through the narrow, winding shipping channel of Florida’s Tampa Bay when a sudden, blinding squall knocked out the ship’s radar. The ship sheared off a support of the Sunshine Skyway Bridge, dropping a 1,400-foot section of concrete roadway during the morning rush hour. Seven vehicles, including a bus with 26 aboard, fell 150 feet into the water. Thirty-five people died.

14th Street Bridge: 78 dead

Jan. 13, 1982: Air Florida Flight 90 was scheduled to travel amid wintry weather from Washington National Airport to Fort Lauderdale, Florida when a Boeing 737-222 crashed into the 14th Street Bridge over the Potomac River, which connects Northern Virginia to Washington, D.C. Seventy-eight people died in the crash or in its aftermath.

Minneapolis Interstate 35W Bridge: 13 dead

Aug. 1, 2007: The collapse of an overpass spanning the Mississippi River near downtown Minneapolis brought down 111 vehicles, killing 13 people and injuring 145. The National Transportation Safety Board faulted “inadequate load capacity, due to a design error .… of the gusset plates,” which connect beams and girders to columns. It also pointed to increases in bridge weight due to previous repairs and concentrated construction loads on the day of the collapse. A replacement bridge was opened a little more than a year later.

Old Sidney Lanier Bridge: 10 dead

Nov. 7, 1972: A ship carrying 11,000 tons of floating steel crashed into the Sidney Lanier bridge in Brunswick, Georgia, killing 10 people, injuring 11 and plunging 10 cars into the water. Crews later attributed the tragedy to a steering failure. As drivers began to perceive the African Neptune’s encroachment, many got out of their cars and ran.

Pocomoke Bridge

Aug. 17, 1988: A 50-foot section of a bridge spanning the Pocomoke River, connecting Worcester and Somerset counties on Maryland’s Eastern Shore, toppled into the water shortly after one motorist made it safely across. A 67-year-old, two-lane drawbridge, the Eastern Shore overpass had been inspected earlier that year and received a clean report, State Highway administrator Hal Kassoff told the The Baltimore Sun at the time. It’s not clear what caused the failure.

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Maryland Route 198 bridge

Aug. 31, 1989: The Route 198 bridge near Fort Meade in Anne Arundel County fell into the southbound lanes of the Baltimore-Washington Parkway during rush hour, injuring 14 people, including four from two cars passing under the bridge when it collapsed and 10 construction workers on the bridge itself. The Federal Highway Administration attributed the collapse to the construction of the bridge’s shoring, or temporary support structures that are used until a structure becomes self-supporting.

The Associated Press and Banner reporter Hallie Miller contributed.

Correction: This story has been updated to correct the date that part of the Pocomoke Bridge toppled, the fatality count from the 14th Street Bridge crash and the number of injuries from the Interstate 40 Bridge crash.

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